When it comes to weight loss, there are many procedures and treatments available, including gastric sleeve and gastric balloon. Both of these treatments are used to help reduce the amount of food an individual can consume at one time and also reduce the amount of calories being ingested. While these procedures are both effective, each of them has its own characteristics and benefits. The main differences between the two include the type of procedure, the expected weight-loss results, and the potential risks and side effects.
Gastric sleeve is a minimally invasive procedure that involves surgically reducing the size of the stomach, typically by about 60-70%. The procedure is permanent, meaning that the stomach will stay at that reduced size permanently and food will only travel in one direction through the stomach. This procedure, like all surgeries, carries some risks and side effects. Potential risks include bleeding, infection, and even an allergic reaction to the anesthesia used. In some cases, there is also a risk of blood clots or even death, though this is extremely rare. After the surgery, recovery time can be up to four weeks, depending on the individual. Gastric sleeve surgery is most often recommended for those with significant health risks associated with obesity, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and sleep apnea. The average weight loss with a gastric sleeve procedure is 50-60% of excess body weight over a period of 18-24 months.
In contrast, gastric balloon placement is a short-term form of weight-loss treatment. A small balloon is placed in the stomach, and this balloon is filled with either a saline solution or gas. The balloon is in place for 6 months and limits the amount of food the patient can eat. This procedure does not involve surgery and can be easily removed at any time. The average weight loss with a gastric balloon is 15-20% of excess body weight over a 6-month period. Potential risks from this procedure include feeling a little sick or discomfort, nausea and vomiting, and, in rare cases, poke holes in the stomach lining due to the balloon moving around.
In summary, both gastric sleeve and gastric balloon are effective forms of weight-loss treatment, with gastric sleeve providing much more substantial and permanent weight-loss results. However, it is important to consider the potential risks and side effects associated with both procedures and to speak to your doctor to see which procedure is right for you.